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pie.php

<?php /* -*- C -*- */

   /* This is a public domain PHP class originally written
      by Bjrn Borud <borud@guardian.no> and modified heavily
      by Federico Sacerdoti <fds@sdsc.edu>
    */


    /*
    ** $Id: pie.php 1651 2008-08-10 12:41:37Z carenas $
    **
    ** PHP Class for creating pie charts using the GD library functions
    **
    ** There is a bug in the GD library somewhere that seems to kick in
    ** when you try to return images that are larger than 4K. We probably
    ** need a workaround for this...
    **
    ** Pie charts look a bit shabby. There seems to be one or more
    ** roundoff errors lurking about making life hard for us. To fix this
    ** we should perhaps investigate how the Arc-drawing thingey works and
    ** try to find out how it gets the endpoints. Also the flood-filler
    ** doesn't quite cope with filling the pieces very well.
    **
    ** Authors: Bjrn Borud, Guardian Networks AS, <borud@guardian.no>
    *
    * Modified to accept data as CGI variables, and made 
    * more robust with different versions of GD by
    *    Federico Sacerdoti <fds@sdsc.edu>
    */
    /* {{{ piechart */
    /*
    ** This is a class for creating pie charts. Generally you just have
    ** to instantiate it, and then make a call to the "init" method to
    ** set the size and transfer the data.
    **
    ** The data is an array of arrays that consist the following data:
    **o numeric value
    **o value legend
    **o red \
    **o green > the RGB values for the color of the slice/legend
    **o blue /
    **
    */
    
if (!function_exists('imagegif') and !function_exists('imagepng'))
   {
      echo "No image support in this version of PHP<br>";
   }

class piechart 
{
    /* {{{ attributes */
    var $im;
    var $width, $height;
    var $data;
    var $colors;
    var $angles;
    var $left=10;
    var $right=140;
    var $top=30;
    var $bottom=10;
    var $head_top=5;
    var $head_space=2;
    var $legend_left=20;
    var $center_x;
    var $center_y;
    var $diameter;
    /* sum of values */
    var $sum;
    /* font sizes */
    var $fx, $fy;
    var $legend_num = "";
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ constants */
    var $PI = 3.1415926535897931; 
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ roundoff */
    /* 
    ** PHP has no function for rounding off doubles to the nearest
    ** integer so we have to roll our own.
    */
    function roundoff ($v) {
      if ( $v - floor($v) >= 0.5) {
         return(ceil($v));
      } else {
            return(floor($v));
      }
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ deg2rad */
    /*
    ** The built-in trig functions use radians and there's no
    ** function in PHP to convert between degrees and radians
    */
    function deg2rad ($degrees) {
      return (($this->PI * $degrees) / doubleval(180));
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ get_xy_factors */
    /*
    ** Calculate the directional vector for the sides of the
    ** piece of pie.
    */
    function get_xy_factors ($degrees) {
      $x = cos($this->deg2rad($degrees));
      $y = sin($this->deg2rad($degrees));
      return (array($x, $y));
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ init */
    /*
    ** Initialize the object and draw the pie. This would be the
    ** constructor in an ordinary OO scenario -- just that we haven't
    ** got constructors in PHP, now do we? ;-)
    **
    ** RB 09.03.2006:
    **   - rearranged: please use indentation to seperate if/for blocks/statements!
    **   - modified to use draw_slices in stead of draw_slice
    */
    function init ($w, $h, $d) {
      $this->im= ImageCreate($w, $h);
      imagesavealpha($this->im, true);
 
      $this->width = $w;
      $this->height = $h;
      $this->data = $d;
      $this->da_width = ($this->width - $this->left - $this->right);
      $this->da_height = ($this->height - $this->top - $this->bottom);
      $this->center_x = intval($this->left + ($this->da_width / 2));
      $this->center_y = intval($this->top + ($this->da_height / 2));
      /* font sizes */
      $this->fx = array(0, 5,6,7,8,9);
      $this->fy = array(0, 7,8,10,14,11);
      /* decide the diameter of the pie */
      if ($this->da_height > $this->da_width) {
        $this->diameter = $this->da_width;
      } else {
        $this->diameter = $this->da_height;
      }
      $this->white = ImageColorAllocateAlpha($this->im, 0, 0, 0, 127);
      imagefill($this->im, 0, 0, $this->white);

      $this->black = ImageColorAllocate($this->im,0,0,0);
      $n = count($this->data);
      for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {
        $this->colors[$i] = ImageColorAllocate($this->im, $this->data[$i][2],
            $this->data[$i][3],
            $this->data[$i][4]);
        $this->sum += $this->data[$i][0];
      }
      $from = 0;$to = 0;
      for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {
        $this->angles[$i] = $this->roundoff( ($this->data[$i][0] * 360) / doubleval($this->sum));
      }
      $this->draw_slices( $this->center_x, $this->center_y, $this->angles, $this->colors );
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ set_legend_percent */
    /* utility function to set an attribute so we display percentages */ 
    function set_legend_percent () {
      $this->legend_num = "p";
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ set_legend_value */
    /* utility function to set an attribute so we display values */ 
    function set_legend_value () {
      $this->legend_num = "v";
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ draw_point */
    /*
    ** This function is just here for debugging purposes. It is
    ** sometimes very useful to be able to draw an X to check
    ** coordinates.
    */
    function draw_point($x, $y) {
      ImageLine($this->im, $x-4, $y-4, $x+4, $y+4, $this->black);
      ImageLine($this->im, $x-4, $y+4, $x+4, $y-4, $this->black);
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ draw_margins */
    /*
    ** Also a debugging function to show where the margins are at
    */
    function draw_margins () {
      ImageLine($this->im, 0, $this->top, $this->width,
      $this->top,
      $this->black);
      ImageLine($this->im, 0, $this->height - $this->bottom,
      $this->width, $this->height - $this->bottom,
      $this->black);
      ImageLine($this->im, $this->left, 0, $this->left,
      $this->height, $this->black);
      ImageLine($this->im, $this->width - $this->right,
      0, $this->width - $this->right,
      $this->height, $this->black);
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ draw_legends */
    /*
    ** Draw legends at the right side of the pie chart. This function
    ** accepts a fontsize and gathers all the other information from
    ** the multilevel data array
    */
    function draw_legends ($fontsize) {
      $n = count($this->data);
      $x1 = $this->width - $this->right + $this->legend_left;
      $x2 = $x1 + $this->fy[$fontsize];
      for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {
      /* determine Y coordinates */
      $y1 = ($i * $this->fy[$fontsize] * 1.5) + $this->top;
      $y2 = $y1 + $this->fy[$fontsize];
      /* draw the legend color rectangle */
      ImageFilledRectangle($this->im, $x1, $y1, $x2, $y2, $this->colors[$i]);
      ImageRectangle($this->im, $x1, $y1, $x2, $y2, $this->black);
      $legend = $this->data[$i][1];
      /* decide what to show after legend */
      switch ($this->legend_num) {
      case "v":
      $legend .= sprintf(" (%.2f)", $this->data[$i][0]);
      break;
      case "p":
      $legend .= sprintf(" (%.2f%%)",
      ($this->data[$i][0]
      * 100 / doubleval($this->sum)));
      break;
      }
      ImageString($this->im, $fontsize, $x2 + 5, $y1,
      $legend, $this->black);
      }
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ draw_heading */
    /*
    ** This function accepts an array of arrays containing (in order):
    ** o The text of the heading as a string
    ** o The fontsize as an integer
    ** o The justification ("c"=center)
    **
    */
    function draw_heading($head_data) {
      $n = count($head_data);
      $y = $this->head_top;
      for ($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {

      switch($head_data[$i][2]) {
      case "c":
      $x = ($this->width - $this->fx[$head_data[$i][1]]
      * strlen($head_data[$i][0])) / 2;
      break;
      case "r": /* uses left margin here... */
      $x = $this->width - $this->left -
      ($this->fx[$head_data[$i][1]] * strlen($head_data[$i][0]));
      break;
      default:
      $x = $this->left;
      break;
      }
      ImageString($this->im, $head_data[$i][1], $x, $y, $head_data[$i][0],
      $this->black);
      $y += ($this->fy[$head_data[$i][1]] + $this->head_space);
      }
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ draw_slices */
    /*
    ** This function draws pieces of pie centered at x,y starting at
    ** "from" degrees and ending at "to" degrees using the specified color.
    **
    ** RB 09.03.2006:
    **  - fixed: ImageFill for pie slices broke when a very small pie was drawn,
    **           and filled entire image with color (orange background color).
    **  - modified draw_slice to be draw_slices and added 3D effect ;)
    */
    function draw_slices( $x, $y, $angles, $colors ) {

      $pie_count = count( $angles );
      $PIE_THICKNESS = ($this->diameter * 0.075);

      for( $j = ($this->center_y+$PIE_THICKNESS); $j > $this->center_y; $j-- ) {

        for( $from = 0, $p = 0; $p < $pie_count; $p++, $from = $to ) {

          $to = $from + $angles[$p];

          if( $to > 360 )
            $to = 360;

          $color = $colors[$p];
          $orig_colors = imageColorsForIndex( $this->im, $color );

          $dark_red = ( $orig_colors['red'] > 30 ) ? $orig_colors['red'] - 30 : $orig_colors['red'];
          $dark_green = ( $orig_colors['green'] > 30 ) ? $orig_colors['green'] - 30 : $orig_colors['green'];
          $dark_blue = ( $orig_colors['blue'] > 30 ) ? $orig_colors['blue'] - 30 : $orig_colors['blue'];

          $new_color = ImageColorAllocate( $this->im, $dark_red, $dark_green, $dark_blue );
        
          ImageFilledArc( $this->im, $this->center_x, $j, $this->diameter, $this->diameter, $from, $to, $new_color, IMG_ARC_PIE );

        }
      }
   
      for( $from = 0, $p = 0; $p < $pie_count; $p++, $from = $to ) {

        $to = $from + $angles[$p];
        
        $color = $colors[$p];

        if( $to > 360 )
          $to = 360;

        ImageFilledArc( $this->im, $this->center_x, $this->center_y, $this->diameter, $this->diameter, $from, $to, $color, IMG_ARC_PIE );

        $from += $angles[$p];
      }
    }
    /* }}} */
    /* {{{ display */
    /*
    ** Make sure the legends are drawn, then output the image to the
    ** client
    */
   function display() {
      $this->draw_legends(2);
      #$this->draw_margins();
      
      if (function_exists("imagepng")) {
         header ("Content-type: image/png");
         imagepng ($this->im);
      }
      elseif (function_exists("imagegif")) {
         header ("Content-type: image/gif");
         imagegif ($this->im);
      }
      elseif (function_exists("imagejpeg")) {
         header ("Content-type: image/jpeg");
         imagejpeg ($this->im, "", 0.5);
      }
      elseif (function_exists("imagewbmp")) {
         header ("Content-type: image/vnd.wap.wbmp");
         imagewbmp ($this->im);
      }
      else
         die("No image support in this PHP server");
   }

   // Converts a hexcode color without a leading "#" into
   // its decimal red, green, blue components.
   function hex2rgb($hex)
      {
         $r = hexdec(substr($hex, 0, 2));
         $g = hexdec(substr($hex, 2, 2));
         $b = hexdec(substr($hex, 4, 2));
         return array($r, $g, $b);
      }
    /* }}} */
};

/* }}} */

$debug=0;

// Parse CGI GET vars and generate chart.
//
// Format is ?name=value,color&name2=value,color...
// where name is set title, and color is in hex like (ffffff).
//
// Special names: title=[graph title], size=[WxH].
$vals = array();
$pie = new piechart;

foreach($_GET as $key=>$val)
   {
      if ($key == "title")
            $heads[] = array($val, 4, "c");
      elseif ($key == "size")
            list($w, $h) = explode("x", $val);

      else
         {
            list($value, $color) = explode(",", $val);
            list($r, $g, $b) = $pie->hex2rgb($color);
            $vals[] = array($value, $key, $r, $g, $b);
         }
   }

if (!$w or !$h)
   {
      $w = 400;
      $h = 300;
   }
$pie->init($w, $h, $vals);
$pie->draw_heading($heads);
$pie->set_legend_percent();
$pie->display();

?>

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